The conference presents the final results of the European Research Council Project “Bodies across Borders: Oral and Visual Memory in Europe and Beyond”. The presenters are international scholars in the central themes of the BABE project: visuality, memory and the archive. The BABE team, composed of Luisa Passerini (Principal Investigator), Graziella Bonansea, Liliana Ellena, Giada Giustetto, Leslie Hernández Nova, Iris van Huis, Gabriele Proglio, and Milica Trakilovic, will discuss the presentations and the presenters’ comments on the research project. During the conference the BABE Research Project’s Exhibition will be held at the Archivio di Stato in Florence.
“ImmagineMemoria. Archivio di un’Europa in costruzione” exhibition has been organized by the research project “Bodies Across Borders: Oral and Visual Memories in Europe and Beyond (B.A.B.E.)”, in collaboration with the Historical Archives of the European Union and the State Archive in Florence. Its opening will be held at the State Archive in Florence on Thursday 05 April at 15:30
The aim of the BABE Project is to explore the changes induced by global mobility into visual memories of Europe, focusing on visual art production and on the traces of memory produced by mobile people (oral and visual interviews, maps, objects, drawings). The fieldwork has been done in two countries, Italy and The Netherlands, chosen for both their similarities and differences in relation to past and present movements of people, as this tension allows for a productive comparative study.The BABE project is funded by the European Research Council and based at the EUI, Florence.
The exhibition “ImmagineMemoria. Archivio di un’Europa in costruzione “ will present audio and video materials collected by the research team during five years of field research on the theme of memories of migration in Europe. All this material will be deposited at the Historical Archives of the European Union, at the end of the research project.
The exhibition, coordinated by Luisa Passerini and curated by Barbara D’Ambrosio and Costanza Meli (Associazione Isole), will continue until 05 May 2018.
BABE: Bodies Across Borders: Oral and Visual Memory in Europe and Beyond, Principal Investigator Luisa Passerini
AMM: Archivio delle Memorie Migranti, Director Alessandro Triulz
This workshop will be an exchange between the ERC Project “BABE” and the Archivio delle Memorie Migranti, Rome, in order to compare their research on the memory of mobility and the practices of archiving visual, written and oral products. The workshop will give space to reflections on the transmission of memories in various situations, including the educational setting.
The BABE research team is glad to announce a workshop with Utrecht University through CCHR (research focus area Cultures, Citizenship and Human Rights). The workshop is envisioned as an institutional event (with the University) and an involvement with the city of Utrecht. It includes a session devoted to a conversation with Maria Hlavajova, director of BAK, Basis Voor Actuele Kunst.
Scholars and artists/curators affiliated with Utrecht University who specialize in issues of migration, memory and visuality in relation to Europe are invited to present responses and reflections from their field of expertise on the aims and results of the BABE project.
ProgrammeReport on the Utrecht Workshop by Iris van Huis and Milica Trakilović
Heritage is an ongoing process of negotiation and contestation of the meanings of the past considered important for the present. Relations among different actors and communities in the processes and practices of heritage are not always cooperative and harmonious, but contested and competitive. With the concept of dissonant heritage
Turnbridge and Ashworth (1996) have referred to heritages that include a discordance of different stories and a lack of agreement and consistency in the way the past is represented and memories used in public spheres. The aim of the workshop is to show that Europe does not have one heritage, rather a plurality of traditions, within which contradictions and ruptures of social, cultural and political nature have been present in different times and places. The intent is to contribute to an erosion of Europe’s cultural heritages from within, studying the multiform developments of a fractured past (Milton) from the point of view of cultural history.
In the workshop, the dissonances between different heritages (as well as the internal ones) will be discussed in relation to a variety of topics central to the two ERC projects conveners of the meeting. Such are: East–West and center–periphery divisions of Europe, internal and external border-making and border-crossing in Europe, Europe´s
colonial past and its post-colonial criticism, migrant and post-migrant experiences, narration and re-narration of Europe´s conflictual past, and the production of the idea of a European heritage and identity in ‘authorized heritage discourses’ (Smith 2006). Heritage is approached in the workshop as a ‘memory complex’, an assemblage of practices, affects and physical things (Macdonald 2013), that brings to attention the contestation of identities, feelings of belonging, and remembering the past in today´s Europe. This perspective emphasizes the relevance of forms of embodied memory against the often de-materialized dominant notions of archive, heritage and patrimoine culturel.
This workshop is a case study of simultaneous events that shaped our world in entangled ways. While we remember 1968 as the moment of liberating, though non-accomplished, student revolutions in France and the US, this year also saw the Soviet invasion in Czechoslovakia. The year marked the turning point in the Vietnam war and, arguably, in the Cold War as well. Richard Nixon was elected the president of the US, and Leonid Brezhnev consolidated his power over the USSR. Martin Luther King was shot dead in Memphis, and Andrej Siniavsky was serving in a forced labor camp in Mordovia. Yale University announced it was going to admit women. Using the new language of human rights, Russian and Ukrainian dissidents started their struggle with the Soviet regime. From Brazil to Italy, protest movements shook the world but mostly failed to change the governments. Led Zeppelin started performances, and the Beatles sang “Back in the USSR” and became popular there. On the both sides of the Iron Curtain, the enthusiasm and disappointments of 1968 transformed philosophy, political thought, literature and cinema of the subsequent era. The best-known French philosophers, Italian film-makers, American politicians, Polish dissidents all came from the generation that shaped 1968 and were shaped by this historical moment. After 1968, the crucial concepts of human existence – sex, power, gender, class, race – have never been the same, and their tectonic shifts also occurred across the Iron Curtain. In this workshop, we will explore various dimensions of this transnational change. We will complement case studies from countries of Western, Central and Eastern European with broader speculations on issues of history and memory, generations and revolutions, subjectivity and power.
Babe project, headed by Professor Luisa Passerini, and the Oral History Master of Arts Program at Columbia University, directed by Professor Mary Marshall Clark, worked together in order to define the programme of the Summer School ‘Memory, Visuality and Mobility’ which will be held at the European University Institute from June 19 to June 30. The two-week long intensive seminar will host multiple and various interventions in the field of contemporary migrations and diasporas: the course will draw on case studies and materials from the ongoing Bodies Across Borders research project.
From a theoretical point of view, the summer school is consecrated to the study of the connection between visuality, memory and mobility. This innovative perspective is at the core of the Babe project and its research paths in the field of cultural history. During the summer school, Babe team will be involved in giving lectures on visual memory, cultural archives and mobile memories, colonial and postcolonial visual memories, oral and visual memory in/for teaching.
Potential participants can find more information (applications, costs and requirements) here
Lecture in the framework of the History Departmental Colloquium, European University Institute, Florence – Wednesday 26 October at 15:30
This presentation is based on the ongoing European Research Council Project “Bodies Across Borders: Oral and Visual Memory in Europe and Beyond”, located at the Department of History and Civilization, European University Institute, Florence.
The project combines various directions of research (cultural history, cultural geography, memory studies, as well as gender and visual studies) concerning the construction of emerging forms of European memory and identity. Among those is the survey and analysis of products by visual artists on working on topics of migration to Europe. Selected works are presented to migrants in the course of individual and collective interviews. The interviewees are then requested to produce in their turn visual images of their migration itineraries, through the media of photography, drawing and video.
The resulting documentation of oral and visual memories involves numerous scientific and ethical problems, among which the question of terminology regarding the process of mobility towards Europe and the typification of heterogeneous groups of people as “migrants” and “refugees.” The critical assessment of these problems is the intellectual contribution that we as researchers can give to the present European situation, labelled by the media as “the migrant crisis”. The BABE research project being midway, it will be presented as work-in-progress, evidencing the problems of collection and interpretation as well as of archiving and disseminating our results
For further information please refer to seminar and events
25 October at 20:30 – Museo Novecento Firenze
Meeting with Luisa Passerini, Giada Giustetto, Leslie Hernández Nova and Gabriele Proglio.
The event is introduced by Pinangelo Marino, the festival administrator
The BABE-HAEU conjunct session is part of the École d’été organized by the network “Usages des Patrimoines Numérisés” (Université Sorbonne Paris Cité) taking place at Villa Finaly, Florence, 11-15 July 2016.
Methodological challenges raised by the archival processing of visual and oral sources collected during BABE Project fieldworks will be discussed within the larger framework of the digitization projects currently carried out by the Historical Archives of the European Union.
The HAEU will host all the BABE material once the collection will be completed.
14:00 – 17:00 The Historical Archives of the European Union-Villa SalviatiPresentation of the BABE Research Project “Bodies Across Borders : Oral and Visual Memory in Europe and Beyond”
Liliana Ellena and Leslie Hernández-Nova (European University Institute, Department of History and Civilization, Florence)
The Historical Archives of the European Union
Dieter Schlenker (HAEU Director, European University Institute, Florence)
15:30 – 15:45 Afternoon BreakVisit of the Historical Archives of the European UnionFull UDPN École d’été Programme“Usages des Patrimoines Numérisés”